He served aboard USS Shangri-La off Okinawa
The carrier USS Shangri-La sailed out of Pearl Harbor in early April 1945, headed for the war zone.
By then, the fighting was centered on Okinawa, the last major island battle before Allied forces were to attack the Japanese home islands.
On her way out of port, the Shangri-La passed the Carrier USS Franklin. A single Kamikaze suicide plane hit the Franklin 50 miles off the coast of Japan on March 19, 1945. With her deck in shambles and much of her superstructure a blackened and twisted metal mess the carrier limped back to Pearl. Some 724 sailors aboard the battered carrier were killed in the attack and 265 additional crew members were injured.
It was a sobering sight for Ensign Stan Hardy and the 3,000-man crew of the Shangri-La headed for the war in the Pacific. The young naval officer , who grew up in Newark, N.J., and now lives in Punta Gorda, Fla., was assigned to a couple of five-inch guns on the port side, aft end of the Essex Class carrier.
Shangri-La was the mythical Himalayan kingdom described in James Hilton’s best-selling book “Lost Horizon.” It was also the name President Franklin D. Roosevelt used when pressed by newspaper reports about the base from which Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle’s B-25 bombers had used in the first attack on Japan in April 1942 by American planes that flew off the carrier USS Hornet.
On April 20, 1945, the Shangri-La dropped anchor in Ulithi Atoll, the staging area for the Allies attack on Okinawa. The Shangri-La and the USS Yorktown formed the backbone of Carrier Group 584.
By then, four carrier groups ringed Okinawa during the 82 day battle that began Sunday morning, April 1, 1945. More than 1,000 Allied ships took part in the Okinawa invasion.
When the mostly American force captured the island, 12,520 U.S. soldiers, sailors and Marines had lost their lives and 36,631 were injured. Japanese lost 110,000 men killed.
A total of 36 American ships were sunk at Okinawa and 368 others were damaged, mostly by Kamikaze attacks. There were also 763 Allied planes lost. The Japanese lost 7,800 planes and 16 ships.
The military significance of the island: it provided an anchorage for the U.S. Navy’s fleet and runways for B-29 “Superfortresses” that began pulverizing mainland Japan immediately after the island was captured.
For Hardy, a deck officer assigned to the five-inch guns aboard the Shangri-La, the most interesting time at sea was while serving as the junior officer on the bridge.
“The highlight of the war for me was standing watch on the navigation bridge with the carrier group all around us,” the 83-year-old remembered. “There was the Missouri off to one side of us and the New Jersey off to the other, two of our brand new top-of-the-line battleships.
“Then we had a couple of heavy cruisers and a couple of light ones. Way outside of them were several rings of at least 20 destroyers protecting us.
“Looking out at this array of ships on the horizon gave you a great sense of the total power of the Fifth Fleet. There were three other carrier groups beside ours that comprised the fleet.”
The Shangri-La hadn’t been on battle station long when they had a command change. Vice Adm. Marc Mitscher was replaced by Vice Adm. John S. McCain, grandfather of U.S. Sen. John S. McCain. He assumed command of Carrier Group 58.4. McCain selected the Shangri-La as his flagship.
The new admiral picked a lucky ship to sail aboard. Although the Shangri-La saw considerable action during the Battle of Okinawa, the high water mark for Kamikaze attacks on the American fleet, it was never hit by a suicide plane.
The stars aboard the carrier were the pilots of Air Group 85 which flew from the deck of the Shangri-La in their Corsair gull-wind fighter planes, SB2C dive bombers or TBD or TBM torpedo bombers, according to Hardy.
“They were the heroes, but it was the ship’s company — people like me — that made it possible for the pilots to do what they did,” he said. “I remember one plane coming in to land all shot up and he couldn’t quite make the flight deck. He hit the back end of the carrier and exploded in flames. It didn’t take long for us to lose some planes.”
Much of the time the carriers laid off the beach at Okinawa 50 to 100 miles, providing air support for the Marines and Army troops slugging it out with the entrenched Japanese defenders. Before the shooting in the last major island battle of World War II was quelled, the Shangri-La and its carrier group headed for Japan some 600 miles further west.
“We were assigned to attack the airfields on the Japanese main islands used by the Kamikaze pilots,” Hardy said. “For 78 days we were at sea without ever going into port.”
With a crew of 3,000 aboard the 888-foot Essex Class carrier, a newsletter was distributed to the sailors on a daily basis. Hardy seems to have kept every one of the letters he received 60 years ago while aboard ship.
The newsletter for Aug. 10, 1945, reads in part: “The United States released Monday the most terrible weapon in the history of war, an atomic bomb carrying the destructive power equal to 20,000 tons of TNT. President Harry S. Truman said the first atomic bomb had been dropped on the Japanese Army base at Hiroshima some 16 hours before. He said that one bomb alone carried a more violent wallop than 2,000 B-29 bombers….”
A month later, on Sept. 2, 1945, while Gen. Douglas MacArthur was commanding the Allies surrender delegation aboard the Battleship Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay, Hardy and the crew of the Shangri-La were still off the coast of Japan with its air group ready for action if needed.
The only action that day for Air Group 85 was to take part in the massive flyover when the Japanese delegation was unconditionally surrendering aboard the Missouri. World War II was history.
June 4, 1922 – Oct. 21, 2010
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This story was first published in the Charlotte Sun newspaper, Port Charlotte, Florida on Sunday, Aug. 21, 2005 and is republished with permission.
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My father was also on the “Shang” in WW2, John P Kelly. Div 3 and was in the 5″ 38 twin just behind the island. Berthing near torpedo assy. Room . He passed in 2000. Had a friend “Oldsie” . Dad was from Boston. He did say he went ashore in Yokosuka but I can find very little info on that. He remembered the “smell” from the Franklin in Pearl, said he would never forget that. If anyone can add anything …thanks !
Dave Kelly, my father, Walter “Hugh” Olds, too was on the Shangri la during WWII. Dad was also assigned to the 5” twins – may have been your father’s friend. Dad would often talk about swimming in Tokyo Bay, I still have the swim trunks, stowed away somewhere. I recall Dad mentioning one of ship’s Corsairs crashed landed, missing the flight deck returning from a mission. I do have a couple of pictures taken on the flight deck, of Dad and some other sailors. It was quite an experience for many very young men. Dad passed away in 2001.
Well my brother just found a “friends” book that my dad got while on board with comments and addresses. One page has comments from Hugh Olds from Alhambra. It was a big ship but I wonder how many Hugh Olds from Alhambra were on the ship ? :-). I live in SoCal now.
WOW Two years later. I was on the Shang. from 1944- 1946. We went ashore for one day in Tokyo . went to the Palace, We were in groups of eight with one sailor carrying a colt 45.
Hi, My dad said he went ashore in Yokosuka. I have found very little about this but I did find a picture and the caption read “marines and sailors going ashore to dismantle Japanese guns” this was leading up to the preparation for the surrender. A destroyer was said to have brought them ashore.
Thank you George !
My grandfather was aboard the Shangri la in WWII. Wade Vandon Johnson He would never talk about the war so we know very little of his experience. I heard a story once of a possible explosion in the mess hall or kitchen during one of the battles. I believe my grandfather was a cook at the time and would have been killed except all hands were called to the battle at the time. I wish I could find more information on this ship, my grandfather and his shipmates. Whatever happened to him, he could never seem to convey it to us and would shut down and isolate any time the war care up.
Thanks for posting these items. It is good to be able to read anything about this time and the heroes who saved the world.
We’re glad you found this website, and hope that with further research, you’ll be able to fill in more gaps of your grandfather’s service.
Thank you for your positive comment and for reading War Tales.
From what I’ve heard and read the ship was never struck by bombs but I did hear about a rocket going off in the hanger and doing some damage.
Thanks Dave. I had heard the same. We could never really tell what happened as all the stories came from others and Papaw never spoke of anything himself. It was a very sensitive subject for him.
My dad was just the opposite. He said if he knew he was going to have a son so interested in WW2 he would have paid attention.
Something else I’m trying to find out more info on is when they took a bunch of marines and sailors from the ship and sent them to disarm artilary in Yokosuka just a few weeks before the armistice. I have seen a picture of them gathering before disembarking.
My father Francis Joyce was deployed with the Shangrila private first class Marine. He was a anti- aircraft gunner I don’t know much more, he died in 1967 of cancer. He later went to Manchuria as part of Chinese occupation. I am glad I found this article.
My father, John Hayowyk, served aboard the Shang in 1945. He was part of the original crew. I still have his original Plank Owner’s Certificate and a number of photos. He was a CPO.