Cpl. George Eyster served in 254th Engineering Bn. all through Europe in Second World War
George Eyster started off driving a 2 1/2 ton army truck in the 254th Engineering Battalion attached to Gen. Omar Bradley’s 1st Army when it came ashore on Omaha Beach June 6, 1944. He saw the war from the vantage-point of a deuce-and-a-half starting with the invasion beach to the Battle of the Bulge, on to the Remagen Bridge rebuilding along the Rhine and finally into Germany on V-E Day at Leipzig.
As a teenager in the late 1930s, Eyster joined the Civilian Conservation Corps. It put young men to work preserving the country’s natural resources during the worse of the Depression. For most of his 18 months in the corps he planted trees in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. He did until shortly after joining the National Guard.
After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, almost immediately President Franklin Roosevelt nationalized the guard. Eyster, like millions of other youths, found themselves in the armed forces of the United States for the duration.
He went from field training near Alexandria, La. to Fort Dix, N.J. after the surprise attack and from there his unit, the 254th Engineering Battalion from Michigan, was sent to Europe.
“We arrived in Belfast, Northern Ireland on March 3, 1942 and began by building Quonset huts for storing food,” the 94-year-old said. “Then we crossed over to Scotland and took a train to southern England.”
At a resort area along England’s extreme south shore his battalion built an invasion beach identical to the Normandy beachhead where Allied forces would land in France. The German got wind of the pending landing at Slapton Sands, the tourist area, where the 254th replicated Normandy.
“Exercise Tiger” is what the mock invasion was called. It was to take place on April 28, 1944–a little more than a month before the actual beach assault on the continent. Just off the coast of Devon, England aboard LSTs (Landing Ships) were 30,000 U.S. troop when they were attacked early in the morning by nine German E-Boats (Steel-hulled torpedo boats).
In a matter of minutes three LSTs were badly damaged, several were on fire and one sank. In the glare of the morning light 749 U.S. servicemen were killed. Because the D-Day Invasion was imminent Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill covered up the E-Boat disaster. They were concerned it might have an ill affect on the pending invasion.
All survivors were sworn to secrecy on penalty of prison.
The dead were buried in a mass grave along the beach at Devon and their relatives received official telegrams saying their sons had been killed during the Normandy Invasion of Europe. The general public didn’t learn the truth for more than half a century when the English press divulged the tale.
“I didn’t know anything about the E-Boat attack on our troops,” Eyster said.
Six weeks later he and the other members of the 254th Engineering Battalion went ashore at Omaha Beach after assault troops cleared the way.
“The worst thing about the landing was making the beach in my truck. I was submerged in saltwater up to my chest when we dropped off the landing craft’s steel ramp,” he said. “Our guys had already taken the German fortifications along the beach and pushed them back a ways. The first day we ended up at Hill 97 near St. Lo.
“After the Allies broke out at Normandy our battalion, the 254th, ended up with the French 9th Armored Division as they marched into Paris with Gen. Charles De Gall. We did the same thing for them we had done for Gen. Omar Bradley’s troops. We cleared enemy mine fields and rebuilt bridges.”
The Battle of the Bulge was possibly the 254th Battalion’s finest hour. This is where the Germans broke through the Ardennes with their tanks and heavy armor on Dec. 16, 1944.
“We were at St. Vic when ‘The Battle of the Bulge’ broke out. The Germans came right through our bivouac area and over ran us during the fight,” Eyster said. “The 1st Army was in the process of switching frontline divisions when the Germans attacked.”
A historical account of this part of the battle notes: “Under the close support fire of tanks the German infantry again charged forward for a second time. Despite the heavy fire, the (254th) Battalion again repulsed the surging German infantry. The enemy sustained heavy losses.”
Eyster says he wasn’t on the front lines. He was taking care of his Jeep further back from the fighting. By this time he was a “Liaison Driver” for his engineering battalion. He and a lieutenant ran messages back and forth in the Jeep when a front line division requested a bridge be constructed or a mine field cleared during an advance.
It was his unit that built “The Victory Bridge” across the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany after the original bridge collapsed under the stress of tanks, heavy equipment and continual shelling and bombings by the retreating Germans.
“It was at Remagen we found out the Germans had jet fighters,” Eyster recalled. “They sent their jets to bomb the bridge, but they weren’t very accurate.”
After the old bridge collapsed of its on volition, the 254th Battalion built a pontoon bridge across the historic Rhine River into the heart of the Fatherland. The curtain was falling on Hitler’s Third Reich.
“Once we crossed the Rhine the Germans started surrendering by the thousands. They didn’t want to be captured by the advancing Russian troops. They came walking down the road toward us with their hands on their heads and no guns,” he said. “We loaded them like cord wood on railroad gondolas and sent them to a nearby airport. I don’t know what happened to them after that.”
“We were in Leipzig when V-E Day (Victory in Europe) was announced, May 8, 1945. Two months later I was discharged at Fort Sheridan, Ill., outside Chicago, on July 15.
“I took the G.I. Bill, went to trade school, became an electrician and spent the next 32 years working for Great Lake Steel Co. in Michigan.”
His wife, Ann, says she and George have been married 68 years. They moved to Port Charlotte in 2000. The couple has six children: George, Kathy, Gary, Gregory, Jeffery and Guy.
Name: George L. Eyster
D.O.B: 20 April 1920
Hometown: Detroit, Mich.
Currently: Punta Gorda, Fla.
Entered Service: 15 Oct. 1940
Discharged: 1 July, 1945
Unit: 254 Engineering Battation, 29th Division, 1st Army
Commendations: Distinguished Uni Citation, Eurpean, African, Middle Eastern Theater Ribbon with one Silver Battle Star, 6 Overseas Service Bars, American Defense Service Ribbon, Good Conduct Medal.
Battles/Campaigns: Battle of the Bulge, Crossing Rhine River at Remagen, Germany.
This story was first published in the Charlotte Sun newspaper, Port Charlotte, Fla. on Monday, Sept. 29, 2014 and is republished with permission.
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The look on his face as he remembers the events in the shadow box tells a story in itself. Bravery, fear and camaraderie.
Hello,,,Thank you for your service..My DaD served 38 months in the 95th Infantry Division,,and was also there…Battle Bulge, Metz,,Omaha and Utah beach and also said that they FROZE their asses off as they were NEVER issued winter fatigues and ALL they had were the summer clothes that they were wearing..He was truly blessed and after the war lived until he passed away in 2009 at the grand old age of 93…I think of him daily and NO WORDS can tell anyone how much I MISS MY HERO,,,,My DaD,,,,Carl Szabo……May GOD BLESS YOU my friend and ALL that have served and who are now serving this GREAT country of ours….
My dad, Mike Fornetti from Iron Mountain MI was in the 254th and I have a photo of him standing by Victory Bridge.
My dad was there with the 254th also Phillip Lamancusa, from Akron Ohio. He was wounded at St. lo but continued on. I have been looking for photos
My uncle Clarence was there and I have a photo of another group of guys-same background trees. I’ll be glad to send you a copy if you like.
Also my granfather Everett Mariani.
If someone has more information about our relatives please write me