David Eshelman was command sergeant major in 82nd and 101st Airborne

 David Eshelman holds his command sergeant major's dress uniform he wore while serving  as the top enlisted man in the Army. He plans to be buried in the dress uniform. Sun photo by Don Moore

David Eshelman holds his command sergeant major’s dress uniform. It’s the highest rank an enlisted man can achieve in the Army. He plans to be buried in his dress uniform. Sun photo by Don Moore

Most of David Eshelman’s 29 years in the service were spent as an airborne trooper. In 1979 he retired a command sergeant major, the highest rank an enlisted man in the U.S Army can achieve.

A month after the Korean War started in June 1950 he joined the Army at 17 with his parents’ blessing. He hadn’t graduated from high school.

“I’d been in basic training a week at Fort Knox, Ky. and in walked six guys in starched khakis and dark black jump boots,” he recalled almost 65 years later. “I found out they were a recruiting team from the 82nd Airborne. The next day I was on a train to Fort Bragg, N.C. home of the 82nd.

“I think my incentive was I could double my $59 monthly pay if I went airborne and jumped out of airplanes. I went to jump school at Fort Bragg not at Fort Benning, Ga.

“I had to weigh 125 pounds and I only weighed 123 pounds to attend jump school. During the physical I filled my pockets with three pounds of rocks, passed and went airborne,” Eshelman said with a grin a lifetime later.

During all of the Korean War he and the rest of the 82nd Airborne spent training for war at Fort Bragg. He finally got to Korea in 1956 as a member of the 24th Infantry Division stationed along the Demilitarized Zone that divided North and South.

“We lived in Quonset huts behind the DMZ. It was the coldest place I have ever been in my life–34 below zero. In the summer if you put your hand on the barrel of a gun it would burn you. It was a most interesting tour of duty.”

He returned to the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Ky. His unit’s first assignment was to help the federal government open Little Rock High School to blacks over the protests of Gov. Orval Faubus.

After that Eshelman and the 101st were sent to “Ol’ Miss.” in 1962 again to represent the federal government during the enrollment of James Meredith, the university’s first black student.

In April 1968 he was serving as an advisor to the Tennessee National Guard and found himself in Memphis hours after Martin Luther King was assassinated by a lone gunman. His guard unit arrived in full battle dress to quell the riots that were expected.

“I was there in Memphis the whole time the guard was there. While in one room of the command center by myself the red telephone rang and I answered it: ‘Command Center.’

“‘A voice on the other end said: ‘This is President Johnson. Is general so-and-so there?’

“‘Sir, he’s in the next room,’ I replied.

“‘Don’t worry about it. Have him call me.’ He hung up.

By this time Eshelman had already served one tour in Vietnam. He went there the first time with the 173rd Airborne Brigade stationed in Okinawa in 1965. They were the first regular Army ground combat unit to go to ‘Nam. They were stationed near Bien Hoa Air Base.

“I became a Pathfinder and formed the first group of Pathfinders who went in first during an air assault and set up the landing zones,” he explained. “We were the people who guided the helicopters into the L.Z. by radio.”

In October 1965 Eshelman was selected to become 1st Sergeant of A-Company, 173rd Brigade.

He went back to Vietnam on a second tour in 68-69.

“I was with the 2nd Battalion, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division in a little place called Tan Tru in the Delta, south of Saigon. Later I served with the 24th Corps, the largest combat team in Vietnam in Phu Bai. My rank was increased to sergeant major.

 Eshelman is at the far left and Capt. Eric Shinseki, who later became Army Chief of Staff when George W. Bush was president, at right attended his going away party in Vietnam when they both served in the 24th Corps in November 1969. Photo provided

Eshelman is at the far left and Capt. Eric Shinseki, who later became Army Chief of Staff when George W. Bush was president, at right attended his going away party in Vietnam when they both served in the 24th Corps in November 1969. Photo provided

“Capt. Eric Shinseki, who later became Army Chief of Staff, served in the office next to mine at Phu Bai. He was a great guy who was going places,” Eshelman said. “Most people don’t know he lost a foot to a land mine in Vietnam.

“When he was in the field flying in a helicopter he always had a pair of black pajamas rolled up in the back of his pistol belt. I asked him what the pajamas were for.

“‘If we get shot down you round eyed guys are on your own,’ he replied. He could put on his black pajamas and pretend to be a Vietcong guerrilla if they crashed in enemy territory because he spoke fluent Vietnamese.

Shinseki was at Eshelman’s going away party when the sergeant returned to the States in 1969.

He was the general President George W. Bush fired after the general advised the president it would require several hundred thousand troops to fight what the Iraq War. His estimates were correct in the end. Later he was appointed head of the Veteran’s Administration by Presided Barack Obama and more recently he resigned because of the organizational mess at the VA which was not of his making.

For the nest two years Eshelman was assigned to an ROTC unit at the University of Connecticut. Then he returned to the 101st Airborne as the command sergeant major of the unit’s Air Defense Vulcan Battalion. This was an anti-aircraft 20 millimeter Gatling gun that fired 3,000 rounds a minute.

He spent the next year at Fort Bliss, Texas training to use the Vulcan gun. Then his outfit was reassigned to Fort Campbell, Ky.

Germany was Eshelman’s next assignment. He spent four years there as command sergeant major of a Niki-Hercules Missile operation and loved every minute of this deployment.

“It was there while serving in Germany we learned the Russians were overflying Europe at 125,000 feet with a souped up MIG-27 fighter,” he said. “Our Niki-Hercules was the only weapon system that could get near the high flying jet.”

After returning from his European tour he became the senior advisor for the 36th Airborne Brigade in the Texas National Guard. It was there two years later the little Honda 360 motorcycle he was riding around town was struck by a woman who ran a red light in a car.

His injuries forced him to retire from the Army in September 1979. He was 48.

In 1998 Eshelman moved to Florida and a couple of years later he suffered three heart attacks in quick succession. He was living in Sun City, south of Tampa, when he met and married Patricia, a retired registered nurse. For the past five months the couple has lived in Jacaranda Trace.

He had two children: son Rick, and Deborah who is deceased.


Eshelman’s File

Name: David R. Eshelman
D.O.B: 4 Aug 1932
Hometown: Connersville, Ind.
Currently: Venice, Fla.
Entered Service: 20 July 1950
Discharged: 10 Sept. 1979
Rank: Command Sergeant Major
Unit: 2nd Battalion, 503rd Airborne Infantry, 173rd Airborne
Commendations:  Purple Heart, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star with V Device 1st OLC, Bronze Star Meritorious Service, Meritorious Servcie Medal 1st OLC, Air Medal 2nd OLC, Army Commendation Medal 1st OLC, Good Conduct Medal 7th Award, National Defense Service Medal 1st OLC, Vietnam Service Medal 6 Service Stars, Korean Defense Service Medal, NCO Professional Development Ribbon, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross, Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal, Presidential Unit Citation 1st OLC, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation, Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Unit Citation, Combat Infantryman Badge, Expert Infantryman Badge, Master Parachutist Badge, Pathfinder Badge
Foreign Awards: German Schiessbuch Bronze Marksmanship Award, Chinese Nationalist Parachutist Badge, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross
Battles/Campaigns: Korea, Vietnam


This story was first published in the Charlotte Sun newspaper, Port Charlotte, Fla. on Monday, Oct. 6, 2014 and is republished with permission.

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